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Top 5 Non-Surgical Treatments for Common Orthopedic Conditions

Top 5 Non-Surgical Treatments for Common Orthopedic Conditions

We firmly believe that not all orthopedic conditions require surgical intervention at Sachdev Orthopedics. Our practice specializes in the non-operative treatment of muscles, bones, and joints, catering to various body parts. We understand that many patients are apprehensive about surgery and seek alternative treatment options for their orthopedic conditions. That’s why we are dedicated to providing our patients with the highest quality of care through a comprehensive approach that prioritizes non-invasive treatments whenever possible.

1. Physical Therapy

physical therapist standing behind his patient while fixing his hands in the right position

Physical therapy is an essential component of non-operative treatment in orthopedics, aimed at addressing a wide range of common conditions, such as arthritis, tendinitis, and sprains and strains. As a healthcare professional, it evaluates, diagnoses, and treats musculoskeletal and neuromuscular issues to restore function, improve mobility, and alleviate pain while promoting overall health and well-being.

Physical therapists work closely with patients to develop individualized treatment plans tailored to their needs. These plans typically involve a combination of manual therapy techniques, exercises, and modalities such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and heat and cold therapy, among others.

Physical therapy offers numerous benefits for patients with orthopedic conditions. Through a tailored treatment plan, patients can experience improved mobility and function, pain reduction, and the strengthening of muscles and joints. These improvements contribute to a better quality of life; help manage pain and inflammation, reduce the risk of injury, and optimize recovery after surgery or injury.

Patient education is another vital aspect of physical therapy. Physical therapists empower patients with the knowledge and skills to manage their conditions independently and maintain long-term improvements. This includes teaching patients about proper body mechanics, ergonomics, and self-care strategies, such as stretching and strengthening exercises that can be performed at home. With its holistic approach, physical therapy offers a comprehensive solution for many orthopedic patients seeking non-operative treatments.

2. Medications

patient taking prescription medicine at home

Medications play a significant role in the non-operative treatment of orthopedic conditions, relieving pain and reducing inflammation. Different orthopedics use different medications, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and analgesics.

NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, are commonly used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. They work by reducing inflammation, which in turn helps alleviate pain and improve joint function. Corticosteroids, taken orally or injected directly into the affected joint, can provide rapid relief for conditions like bursitis by reducing inflammation and swelling. Analgesics, such as acetaminophen, primarily focus on pain management and can be used with other medications to achieve the desired comfort level.

While medications can be highly effective in managing orthopedic conditions, it is essential to be aware of potential side effects and risks associated with long-term use. For example, prolonged use of NSAIDs may increase the risk of gastrointestinal issues, kidney problems, and cardiovascular events. Similarly, long-term use of corticosteroids may lead to weakened bones, increased susceptibility to infections, and elevated blood sugar levels. Therefore, patients must work closely with their healthcare provider to balance the benefits and potential risks associated with medication use.

Medications are a valuable tool in the non-operative treatment of orthopedic conditions, offering pain relief and reduced inflammation. By working closely with healthcare providers, patients can find the most appropriate and effective medication regimen to manage their specific orthopedic issues.

3. Orthotics and Bracing

Wrist external orthosis to reduce pathological mobility of wrist joints

Orthotics and bracing are essential non-operative treatments in orthopedics, offering patients additional stability, support, and pain relief. Orthotic devices are custom-made or off-the-shelf inserts worn inside shoes to correct biomechanical issues, redistribute pressure, and provide cushioning. On the other hand, bracing involves using external support devices to immobilize, stabilize, or protect joints and bones during the healing process or to provide ongoing support for chronic conditions.

Orthotics and bracing can effectively treat various orthopedic conditions, including plantar fasciitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and scoliosis. In cases of plantar fasciitis, custom orthotics can help alleviate pain by supporting the arch of the foot and redistributing pressure away from the inflamed plantar fascia. For carpal tunnel syndrome, wrist braces can help maintain the wrist in a neutral position, reducing pressure on the median nerve and relieving pain and numbness. In scoliosis, back braces can help slow or halt the progression of spinal curvature, especially during growth spurts in children and adolescents.

The benefits of orthotics and bracing extend beyond pain relief and improved stability. They can also prevent further injury by correcting biomechanical issues and redistributing pressure, thus reducing the strain on affected areas. Additionally, orthotics and bracing can often be used with other non-operative treatments, such as physical therapy and medications, to optimize patient outcomes.

It is essential for patients considering orthotics or bracing to consult with their healthcare provider to determine the most suitable type of support for their specific orthopedic condition. With proper guidance and fitting, orthotics and bracing can significantly enhance a patient’s overall treatment plan and improve function, pain relief, and quality of life.

4. Lifestyle Modifications

healthy lifestyle, eating a good healthy dietary in heart dish with aerobic body exercise

Lifestyle modifications are critical in the non-operative treatment of orthopedic conditions, helping patients manage pain, prevent further injury, and improve their overall health and well-being. Patients can actively address their orthopedic issues by making simple yet impactful changes in their daily routines.

One of the essential lifestyle modifications involves maintaining a healthy weight. Excess body weight strains the joints, particularly in the knees, hips, and spine. Losing weight can significantly alleviate joint pain and reduce the risk of developing joint problems, such as osteoarthritis.

Regular exercise is another crucial lifestyle modification for individuals with orthopedic conditions. Engaging in low-impact activities like swimming, cycling, or walking helps build muscle strength and endurance, improve joint flexibility, and enhance overall fitness. Moreover, exercise can aid in weight management and promote better mental health.

Dietary changes also play a vital role in managing orthopedic conditions. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can provide essential bone and joint health nutrients. Incorporating foods with anti-inflammatory properties, such as omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain in conditions like arthritis.

Ergonomic adjustments at home and in the workplace can also improve orthopedic health. Ensuring proper posture while sitting, standing, or performing daily tasks can help reduce the strain on the spine and joints. Additionally, using ergonomic tools and furniture, such as an adjustable chair or a supportive pillow, can aid in maintaining proper alignment and reducing the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders.

Lifestyle modifications are an indispensable part of non-operative orthopedic treatment, empowering patients to take control of their health and actively participate in their recovery. By incorporating these changes into their daily routines, patients can experience significant improvements in pain, function, and overall quality of life.

5. Injections

Platelet-rich Plasma

Injections are a valuable non-operative treatment option for various orthopedic conditions, providing targeted pain relief and reducing inflammation. Some common types of injections used in orthopedics include corticosteroid injections, hyaluronic acid injections, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections.

Corticosteroid injections are often used to treat arthritis, tendinitis, and bursitis. By injecting corticosteroids directly into the affected joint or soft tissue, inflammation, and pain can be rapidly reduced, providing patients with temporary relief. It is important to note that corticosteroid injections may provide short-term benefits. Still, they are not a long-term solution, and their repeated use may adversely affect the joint and surrounding tissue.

Hyaluronic acid injections, or viscosupplementation, are primarily used to treat knee osteoarthritis. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance in the joint fluid that provides lubrication and cushioning. By injecting hyaluronic acid into the arthritic joint, it can help restore some of its natural properties, improving joint function and providing pain relief. The effects of hyaluronic acid injections can last several months, but their effectiveness may vary from patient to patient.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections are a relatively new and innovative treatment option for various orthopedic conditions, including tendinitis, ligament injuries, and muscle strains. PRP is derived from the patient’s own blood and contains a high concentration of growth factors and proteins that promote healing and tissue regeneration. By injecting PRP into the injured area, it is believed to stimulate the body’s natural healing process and accelerate recovery. PRP injections show great promise as a cutting-edge treatment option. Ongoing research continues to explore their long-term effectiveness and optimal use, further enhancing their potential in orthopedic care.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy

Injections can be a powerful tool in the non-operative treatment of orthopedic conditions, but it is essential to consider their benefits and limitations. Working closely with a healthcare provider, patients can determine if injections are an appropriate treatment option for their specific orthopedic issues and develop a comprehensive treatment plan that includes injections, if necessary, alongside other non-operative treatments.


Embracing the power of non-operative treatments, patients can effectively address various orthopedic conditions without surgery. By exploring options such as physical therapy, medications, orthotics and bracing, lifestyle modifications, and injections, patients can find effective solutions that help alleviate pain, improve mobility, and enhance their overall quality of life. At Sachdev Orthopaedics, our team of experienced professionals is dedicated to providing personalized care and guidance to help you navigate the best course of treatment for your specific needs. Don’t hesitate to contact us today to discuss your orthopedic concerns and take the first step towards a healthier, pain-free life.

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sachdev orthopaedics llc, 3735 nazareth rd, suite 302, easton, pa 18045

To make an appointment, please call (610) 515-9994

Normal Hours

Monday, Wednesday, Thursday 8:30-5 pm
Tuesday 8:30-6 pm
Friday 8:30-12 noon


Sachdev Orthopaedics LLC,
3735 Nazareth Rd, Suite 302A, Easton, PA 18045